Parts Of Speech

Spoken English

Spoken english

English is an international language which is accepted throughout the world,but the way of speaking is the thing which makes you to be a professional. The language is divided into two stages…

 Spoken English-the English which we used normally when chatting to friends

 Official English-it is followed by the official people in which the grammatical errors are matter

To be a perfect in English language you must follow the following to improve your English skills…

English Grammer

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Parts of Speech

The PARTS OF SPEECH plays an important in giving a complete meaning to the sentence. Parts of speech are divided into nine parts, they are

  1. Noun

  2. Pronoun

  3. Verb

  4. Adverb

  5. Adjective

  6. Conjunction

  7. Interjection

  8. Preposition

  9. Articles

Noun: a noun is a one of nine among the parts of speech which says about the names of the thing or person. In single word, it explains about the names.

Some of the examples for noun are:

i.            India-it is the name of a country

ii.            Sreelatha-it is the name of a person

iii.            Biology-it is the name of a subject

iv.            Pencil-name of an object

Noun is of two types:

  1. Singular noun: The noun which explains about the name of the single person/place/thing etc.

For example:

I am writing with a pencil, here pencil is a noun

  1. Plural noun: The noun which explains the names , a group of things are known are plural noun

For example:

I have 5 pens-here the word pens is a plural noun

Note: The nouns which ends with the words s, Sh, Ch, x such as  Church, ash, box kiss etc. are singular. They can be made as plural by just adding –es to the singular nouns

Types of nouns:

v  Proper noun/ common name

v  Abstract/concrete noun

v  Collective noun

v  Countable/non-countable nouns

Common noun (or)proper noun:

  1. The noun which discuss about the names of the things is termed as common noun
  2. Persons names such as rani, Vasu etc. can be common names
  3. Places names such as Guntur, Hyderabad, India can also be common nouns.
  4. Names of the specific organization and company names comes under this
  5. Hysterical events can also be treated as common nouns

Collective nouns:

The nouns which are grammatically singular nouns are known are collective nouns, but they include more than one singular name, thing, places

For example the words such as group, crowd, audience, committee etc. are considered as collective nouns

As they contain a group of names, still the collective nouns are treated as singular because they treat the complete group as a single unit

Example: They are a group

Countable/uncountable nouns:

The nouns which are countable are termed as countable nouns and similarly which are not possible are known as uncountable nouns

Example:

There are 5 girls in a class room-countable noun

He went out to have two fresh airs-the sentence is grammatically and is an uncountable noun

Concrete/abstract nouns:

The nouns which we can touch are called as concrete nouns

Some of the examples are hand, pen, people etc.

The nouns which cannot be physically touched are called as abstract nouns

Some of the examples are air, justice, safety, religion etc.

Gerunds:

The –ing form of the verb are called as gerunds and they can be used as nouns

Example:

Running is good for health

Here running is the gerund and is a noun.

Pronoun:

The words which can be used in the place of nouns are known as pronouns.

Example:

Latha is taking to Latha`s mother

Here Latha is a noun which is used two times In a sentence, we can use `her` a pronoun instead of using noun two times such as

Latha is talking to her mother

Types of pronouns:

  1. Personal pronouns
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Reflexive pronouns
  4. Intensive pronouns
  5. Reciprocal pronouns
  6. Indefinite pronouns
  7. Demonstrative pronouns
  8. Interrogative pronouns
  9. Relative pronouns

Personal nouns:

-singular

-plural

Singular: I, me, you, he, she, her, him, it

Plural: we, us, you, they, them

I, we, she, it, we can also be used as subjects.

Example:

I am a boss-here I is a subject

Some of the personal nouns which can be used as objects are me, you, him, her, it, them

Example:

He loves her-Her is the object

The personal pronouns which are used as objects can never be used as subjects

Possessive pronouns: the pronouns which indicates the ownership are known as possessive pronouns

My, mine, your, yours, her, hers, its are some of the possessive pronouns

Example:

She return my pen because it is mine

Reflexive pronouns: name receiver of an action who is the identical to the action

Singular: myself, himself, herself, itself

Plural:

Intensive pronouns: it emphasizes a noun or pronoun

Myself, yourself, himself, herself are some of the intensive pronouns

Example:

I saw a boy playing himself in the ground

Reciprocal nouns: the pronouns which explains the shared things and feelings are termed as reciprocal pronouns

Each other, one other are some of this type

Example:

They help each other

 

Indefinite pronouns: the pronouns which refer the non-specific things and names are known are indefinite pronouns

All other, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone are some indefinite pronouns

Example:

You can hug anyone

 

Demonstrative nouns: the pronoun which considered the noun markers are known as demonstrative nouns. They point towards the nouns

Example:

That woman went to college.

Here the question arises such as which woman?

Interrogative pronouns: the pronouns which are used in asking questions are termed as interrogative pronouns

Who, where, what are some of the pronouns

Example:

What are you doing?

Relative pronouns: the pronouns which refer to other which are already declared are known as relative pronouns

Example: who, whoever, whom etc.

 

Adjectives: the words which describes the noun and pronoun are called as adjectives

Normally the adjective appears before the noun and after the linking verbs.

-they are used to make comparisons

-the verb can become an adjective by er and st in most of the situations.

-for adjective longer than di syllable, you should use the word more

Example:

Kavitha is more intelligent than bhargavi

Superlatives:

By adding -est at the end of adjective we can call it as a superlative

Example:

He is the tallest boy

Loudest, coolest etc.

Superlatives can also be with three syllables such is he is the most intelligent person in the class

Remember: don’t use the -er ending and the word more or -est ending and the word most

Adverbs:

The word which modifies the verb and says about the action of the verb are termed as adverbs

He carefully locked his house door

-carefully is an adverb which says the action of the verb

Note: don’t use an adverb before the linking verb

Types of adverbs:

Relative adverbs:

The adverbs which introduce the questions and dependent adverbial clauses. They are the answers for the question such as when? where?

Example:

When I was a kid, I used to play in ground

Here it forms a question like this when did I play in ground?

Frequency adverbs:

Says the answer to the questions how often? They are

Always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never are some of the adverbs of frequency

Example:

He oftenly talk to her

Generally the adverbs comes before the verbs

Conjunctions:

The word which gives complete meaning to a sentence, they are to combine sentences such as

For example:

He read well and he is a ranker-and is a conjunction which joins two sentences to form a complete meaning

There are three types of conjunctions, they are

  1. Coordinating conjunctions
  2. Correlative conjunctions
  3. Subordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions: they are seven in number, they are

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

The all above words are used to form compound sentences and are separated by comma

Example:

I love to dance, but I don’t know dance

Correlative conjunctions: these words are particularly used in pairing

Both-and

Neither-nor

Whether-or

Either-or

Not only-but also

Example:

I am not only happy but also exited by my result

Subordinate conjunctions:

The conjunctions which join the independent clause to a subordinate clause are termed as subordinate conjunctions

The conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, since, so that, though, unless, until, whenever, where, wherever, whether, while are some of the subordinate conjunctions.

Example:

She is a failure still she studys well

 

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