English is an international language which is accepted throughout the world,but the way of speaking is the thing which makes you to be a professional. The language is divided into two stages…
Spoken English-the English which we used normally when chatting to friends
Official English-it is followed by the official people in which the grammatical errors are matter
To be a perfect in English language you must follow the following to improve your English skills…
Parts of Speech
The PARTS OF SPEECH plays an important in giving a complete meaning to the sentence. Parts of speech are divided into nine parts, they are
Noun: a noun is a one of nine among the parts of speech which says about the names of the thing or person. In single word, it explains about the names.
Some of the examples for noun are:
i. India-it is the name of a country
ii. Sreelatha-it is the name of a person
iii. Biology-it is the name of a subject
iv. Pencil-name of an object
Noun is of two types:
- Singular noun: The noun which explains about the name of the single person/place/thing etc.
I am writing with a pencil, here pencil is a noun
- Plural noun: The noun which explains the names , a group of things are known are plural noun
I have 5 pens-here the word pens is a plural noun
Note: The nouns which ends with the words s, Sh, Ch, x such as Church, ash, box kiss etc. are singular. They can be made as plural by just adding –es to the singular nouns
Types of nouns:
v Proper noun/ common name
v Abstract/concrete noun
v Collective noun
v Countable/non-countable nouns
Common noun (or)proper noun:
- The noun which discuss about the names of the things is termed as common noun
- Persons names such as rani, Vasu etc. can be common names
- Places names such as Guntur, Hyderabad, India can also be common nouns.
- Names of the specific organization and company names comes under this
- Hysterical events can also be treated as common nouns
The nouns which are grammatically singular nouns are known are collective nouns, but they include more than one singular name, thing, places
For example the words such as group, crowd, audience, committee etc. are considered as collective nouns
As they contain a group of names, still the collective nouns are treated as singular because they treat the complete group as a single unit
Example: They are a group
The nouns which are countable are termed as countable nouns and similarly which are not possible are known as uncountable nouns
There are 5 girls in a class room-countable noun
He went out to have two fresh airs-the sentence is grammatically and is an uncountable noun
The nouns which we can touch are called as concrete nouns
Some of the examples are hand, pen, people etc.
The nouns which cannot be physically touched are called as abstract nouns
Some of the examples are air, justice, safety, religion etc.
The –ing form of the verb are called as gerunds and they can be used as nouns
Running is good for health
Here running is the gerund and is a noun.
The words which can be used in the place of nouns are known as pronouns.
Latha is taking to Latha`s mother
Here Latha is a noun which is used two times In a sentence, we can use `her` a pronoun instead of using noun two times such as
Latha is talking to her mother
Types of pronouns:
- Personal pronouns
- Possessive pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Intensive pronouns
- Reciprocal pronouns
- Indefinite pronouns
- Demonstrative pronouns
- Interrogative pronouns
- Relative pronouns
Singular: I, me, you, he, she, her, him, it
Plural: we, us, you, they, them
I, we, she, it, we can also be used as subjects.
I am a boss-here I is a subject
Some of the personal nouns which can be used as objects are me, you, him, her, it, them
He loves her-Her is the object
The personal pronouns which are used as objects can never be used as subjects
Possessive pronouns: the pronouns which indicates the ownership are known as possessive pronouns
My, mine, your, yours, her, hers, its are some of the possessive pronouns
She return my pen because it is mine
Reflexive pronouns: name receiver of an action who is the identical to the action
Singular: myself, himself, herself, itself
Intensive pronouns: it emphasizes a noun or pronoun
Myself, yourself, himself, herself are some of the intensive pronouns
I saw a boy playing himself in the ground
Reciprocal nouns: the pronouns which explains the shared things and feelings are termed as reciprocal pronouns
Each other, one other are some of this type
They help each other
Indefinite pronouns: the pronouns which refer the non-specific things and names are known are indefinite pronouns
All other, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone are some indefinite pronouns
You can hug anyone
Demonstrative nouns: the pronoun which considered the noun markers are known as demonstrative nouns. They point towards the nouns
That woman went to college.
Here the question arises such as which woman?
Interrogative pronouns: the pronouns which are used in asking questions are termed as interrogative pronouns
Who, where, what are some of the pronouns
What are you doing?
Relative pronouns: the pronouns which refer to other which are already declared are known as relative pronouns
Example: who, whoever, whom etc.
Adjectives: the words which describes the noun and pronoun are called as adjectives
Normally the adjective appears before the noun and after the linking verbs.
-they are used to make comparisons
-the verb can become an adjective by er and st in most of the situations.
-for adjective longer than di syllable, you should use the word more
Kavitha is more intelligent than bhargavi
By adding -est at the end of adjective we can call it as a superlative
He is the tallest boy
Loudest, coolest etc.
Superlatives can also be with three syllables such is he is the most intelligent person in the class
Remember: don’t use the -er ending and the word more or -est ending and the word most
The word which modifies the verb and says about the action of the verb are termed as adverbs
He carefully locked his house door
-carefully is an adverb which says the action of the verb
Note: don’t use an adverb before the linking verb
Types of adverbs:
The adverbs which introduce the questions and dependent adverbial clauses. They are the answers for the question such as when? where?
When I was a kid, I used to play in ground
Here it forms a question like this when did I play in ground?
Says the answer to the questions how often? They are
Always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never are some of the adverbs of frequency
He oftenly talk to her
Generally the adverbs comes before the verbs
The word which gives complete meaning to a sentence, they are to combine sentences such as
He read well and he is a ranker-and is a conjunction which joins two sentences to form a complete meaning
There are three types of conjunctions, they are
- Coordinating conjunctions
- Correlative conjunctions
- Subordinating conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions: they are seven in number, they are
The all above words are used to form compound sentences and are separated by comma
I love to dance, but I don’t know dance
Correlative conjunctions: these words are particularly used in pairing
Not only-but also
I am not only happy but also exited by my result
The conjunctions which join the independent clause to a subordinate clause are termed as subordinate conjunctions
The conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, since, so that, though, unless, until, whenever, where, wherever, whether, while are some of the subordinate conjunctions.
She is a failure still she studys well